How To Use A Possessive Form In Korean?

Yours, mine, ours, and theirs are called as the possessive form. But, in our daily life, usually, we use this form for giving an indication that a noun belongs to something.

For example, Jakarta is one of the metropolitan cities in Indonesia, Mewrise is Mew's blog, the colour of this picture is dominated by red, he is Dora's friend, and so on.

Possessive form in Korean



Conversation

Let's check the short conversation below, and tap the play button on Sound Cloud to hear how I read.

πŸ‘²: 도라 μ”¨λŠ” λˆ„κ΅¬μ˜ˆμš”?
(Who is Mr Dora?)

πŸ‘§: 도라 μ”¨λŠ” 와티 μ”¨μ˜ λ‚¨λ™μƒμ΄μ—μš”.
(Mr Dora is Wati's younger brother.)

πŸ‘²: 도라 μ”¨λŠ” μ•Όμ˜Ή μ”¨μ˜ μΉœκ΅¬μ˜ˆμš”?
(Ms Mew, is Mr Dora your friend?)

πŸ‘§: λ„€, 도라 μ”¨λŠ” 제 μΉœκ΅¬μ˜ˆμš”.
(Yes, Mr Dora is my friend.)





Learning information

Easily, in English, we have "of" to indicate the possession of a noun. Then, in Korean, we have the particle "의".

Noun은/λŠ” Noun의 Nounμ΄μ—μš”/μ˜ˆμš”

The particle "의" is used to make a possessive form in Korean. But, sometimes, it can be abandoned. The formula above basically uses the positive sentence in Korean grammar. For example:

도라 씨(의) μΉœκ΅¬λŠ” 영ꡭ μ‚¬λžŒμ΄μ—μš”.
Mr Dora's friend is British.

그것은 도라 μ”¨μ˜ ν•Έλ“œν°μ΄μ—μš”.
That is Mr Dora's cell phone.

자카λ₯΄νƒ€λŠ” μΈλ„λ„€μ‹œμ•„μ˜ λ„μ‹œμ˜ˆμš”.
Jakarta is a city of Indonesia == Jakarta is an Indonesia's city.

μ €λŠ” λ„λΌμ˜ λˆ„λ‚˜μ˜ˆμš”.
I am Dora's elder sister.


Glossaries

남동생 = younger brother
친ꡬ = friend
제 = my
그것 = the thing
ν•Έλ“œν° = handphone
자카λ₯΄νƒ€ =  Jakarta
μΈλ„λ„€μ‹œμ•„ = Indonesia
λ„μ‹œ = city
λˆ„λ‚˜ = elder sister

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